Local currency payouts versus international correspondent banking payouts
Time is money and moving money takes time. But what if there was a way to send international payments as quickly and easily as a domestic bank transfer?
Over the last two decades, the Gulf region, especially the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Saudi Arabia, has cemented its reputation as one of the top business hubs globally where workers can earn more. This monumental stride has led to the influx of foreign nationals into the region for tourism, labor, and entrepreneurship.
Exchange houses have become increasingly popular with the mix of expats in this region who will be looking to send money to their families back home. In fact, data suggests that more money is sent out of the UAE each year than anywhere else in the world apart from the United States. In 2020 a staggering $43 billion USD left the UAE while those in Saudi Arabia transferred $35 billion out of the country in cross-border payments.
In order to meet the needs of this vast payments market, a wide array of financial institutions and fintechs are in the market to help businesses and consumers make cross-border payments.
Exchange houses refer to businesses involved in exchanging different currencies for one or more currencies. Besides this, they also process credit card payments, utility bills payment, and much more.
While offering convenience to a huge fraction of the labor force who might not have bank accounts in the Middle East, exchange houses also drive financial inclusion among citizens of this region, facilitating transactions within and outside the region.
The better exchange rates and swift transactions are part of the reasons why expatriates and citizens are attracted to exchange houses in the Middle East. By offering value-added services encompassing payrolls, travel cards, and more, exchange houses play a vital role in the economy of the Middle East.
Currently, exchange houses hold a special place in the Middle East economy, especially in terms of remittances. After regulation by UAE authorities in 2009, the remittance industry ranked ahead of several developed and developing nations.
Exchange houses are considered important due to the following reasons:
As a vast proportion of the workforce in the GCC is made up of low-paid and unskilled work, many often earn less than the threshold required by traditional banks. This group of under-banked or un-banked workers, therefore rely on exchange houses to send money back to their loved ones - their only other option being informal networks such as hawala.
According to Osama Al-Rahma, Vice-Chairman of the Foreign Exchange and Remittance Group (FERG), 80% of all remittances from the UAE in 2020 were through exchange houses.
Exchange houses played essential roles in the Middle East during the Covid-19 pandemic by keeping the ‘remittance gate’ open. These ensured payrolls were actively created, expatriates were able to send money back home and citizens could do business and pay for utilities.
With significant attention being diverted to exchange houses, so has an increased effort to ensure the compliance of finance services the Middle East needs. As of 2020 alone, over 9,000 workers from exchange houses were trained on compliance and other procedures to prevent fraud, money laundering, and drug and terrorist financing.
Exchange houses and traditional banks remain the predominant methods of sending money out of the Middle East. But with each passing year, many more people are turning to fintech solutions due to heavy marketing campaigns highlighting their competitive advantages. This has increased pressure on banks and exchange houses to do more to provide a better service to keep their customers.
As technology continues to evolve, exchange houses will have to do the following to keep up with new trends:
Based on certain factors such as average monthly remittance, the number of branches, company age, services offered, recent innovations, and geographical expansions, below are the top 10 exchange houses in the Middle East region as compiled by Forbes:
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